MINEOLA, N.Y. — The law firm of Bellavia Blatt & Crossett filed a mass action lawsuit against TrueCar today, claiming that dealers have been injured by the lead provider’s business practices. So far, 117 dealerships are part of the suit — a number Senior Partner Leonard Bellavia expects to rise drastically.

“I have another 50 [dealers] I could have included, but I never would have been able to file the case in a reasonable amount of time,” Bellavia tells F&I and Showroom. “Now that I’ve filed the case, I’m adding more dealers.”

The lawsuit filed today in Federal Court for the Southern District of New York represents non-TrueCar affiliated dealerships, meaning dealers that either have not subscribed to TrueCar’s services, or dealers that are former TrueCar subscribers. A second suit representing current TrueCar dealer customers will be filed in the coming weeks. The firm is also currently representing more than 1,000 dealers in an antitrust lawsuit against Carfax.

“Simply because a dealer is using TrueCar does not mean that they are happy with the business practices of TrueCar,” Bellavia notes.

The business practices in question include offering customers a “no haggle” price, a promise Bellavia says the lead provider breaks right at the start of a transaction, violating the Lanham Act and unfair competition and deceptive trade practices under New York statutes.

“When a customer logs on to the website and puts in their data, the information gets shot out to three separate dealers right off the bat,” he explains. “So as soon as the consumer clicks send, they will get inundated with texts, phone calls, emails and letters from three different dealers, each promising to do better than the other. So that's ipso facto haggling.”

In addition, Bellavia says that TrueCar’s business model forces its dealer clients into “bait-and-switch” situations by promising car shoppers that its dealers have certain colors and equipment in stock, even if that is untrue. The firm also alleges that TrueCar claims that its pricing is “below invoice,” which conveys to the consumer that they are getting a vehicle below dealer cost.

“It’s just blatantly misleading to the consumer,” Bellavia adds.

As for the non-TrueCar affiliated dealerships represented in the lawsuit filed today, Bellavia says they are adversely affected by the presence of TrueCar dealers in their market.

“[TrueCar] deceives customers in their market area, essentially poaching them,” the firm’s senior partner notes. “If you live within a mile of a dealership, you will see TrueCar commercials and when you go online you will get a certificate for three dealers that are further away than the non-TrueCar dealerships. So dealers are losing business.”

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