Q2 2022 TransUnion Credit Industry Insights Report explores latest credit trends.  -  IMAGE: TransUnion

Q2 2022 TransUnion Credit Industry Insights Report explores latest credit trends.

IMAGE: TransUnion

CHICAGO – The first half of 2022 concluded with a normalization in serious delinquency rates to pre-pandemic levels for most credit products as lenders continued to expand access to credit cards and personal loans. TransUnion’s (NYSE: TRU) newly released Q2 2022 Quarterly Credit Industry Insights Report (CIIR) also highlighted how the number of consumers with credit cards and personal loans has reached record highs, driven by an increase in loans to non-prime consumers. 

“Consumers are facing several challenges that are impacting their finances on a day-to-day basis, namely high inflation and rising interest rates. These challenges, though, are happening against a backdrop where employment opportunities are still plentiful and jobless levels remain low. We see lenders offering more access to credit to non-prime consumers, some of whom are new to credit,” said Michele Raneri, vice president of U.S. research and consulting at TransUnion. “This is a welcome development as more consumers have gained access to credit during a time when high inflation has placed a greater burden on their wallets. While delinquencies generally rise after a period when more non-prime borrowers secure loans, the rates of delinquency remain mostly at or below pre-pandemic levels, particularly for cards and personal loans.”

In Q2 2022, loan growth to non-prime borrowers has mostly been observed with unsecured personal loans and credit cards. These two credit products were utilized more by consumers in the last year due to higher costs of everyday goods and services. For instance, the share of balances for unsecured loans held by subprime borrowers has risen from 8.1% in Q2 2021 to 11.8% in Q2 2022. Subprime balance distribution for credit cards rose to 6.9% in Q2 2022 from 5.3% in Q2 2021. 

Loan Growth and Balances Rising for Credit Cards and Unsecured Personal Loans

Key Metrics

Q2 2022

Q2 2021

Consumers with Access to a Credit Card

161.6 million

153.3 million

Average Credit Card Debt per Borrower

$5,270

$4,817

Consumers with Access to a Personal Loan

21.0 million

18.7 million

Average Personal Loan Debt per Borrower

$10,344

$9,079

In another sign that the consumer credit markets are performing relatively well, TransUnion’s Credit Industry Indicator (CII) increased to 119 in Q2 2022 – up from 116 in the previous quarter and at the same level as it was in Q2 2021. The CII is a quarterly measure of depersonalized and aggregated consumer credit health trends that summarizes movements in credit demand, credit supply, consumer credit behaviors and credit performance metrics over time into a single indicator. Examples of data elements categorized into these four pillars include: new product openings, consumer credit scores, outstanding balances, payment behaviors, and 100+ other variables.

Rising levels for the CII generally indicate an improvement in the overall health of the consumer credit market. The stable CII level in Q2 2022 compared to the prior year period was due to the increases in credit demand and supply, as consumers increased their applications for and originations of credit products, particularly cards and personal loans, over the past year, somewhat offset by rising YoY delinquencies from the extremely low levels seen in Q2 2021.      

To learn more about the latest consumer credit trends, register for the Q2 2022 Quarterly Credit Industry Insights Report Webinar. Read on for more specific insights about credit cards, personal loans, auto loans and mortgages.

Gen Z Leading Growth in Credit Card Originations

Q2 2022 CIIR Credit Card Summary

The number of general-purpose credit cards topped 500 million for the first time ever at the conclusion of Q2 2022, up from approximately 465 million in Q2 2021. The increase was led by Gen Z as originations to this generation rose 31.6% between Q1 2021 and Q1 2022 (originations are viewed one quarter in arrears). Overall, originations were up 26% in the last year. The subprime segment’s total balances grew 51.7% YoY which is the highest growth rate ever achieved. At the same time, average credit lines remain below pre-pandemic levels, with the exception of super prime which hit an all-time high. Serious delinquency rates (90+ days past due) for borrowers rose to 1.57%, but remain near pre-pandemic levels. 

Instant Analysis

“We observed positive trends in the credit card industry in the first half of 2022, with more younger and subprime borrowers gaining access to credit cards. While serious delinquencies are rising, that is to be expected when more consumers – many of whom are new to credit – secure a credit card. On the positive side, serious delinquencies are nowhere near concerning levels. The employment picture still remains relatively strong, though increased interest rates and high inflation are placing more pressure on consumers. Overall, it’s a positive for the credit ecosystem to have younger consumers gain access to credit so they can build their credit profiles for the future.” – Paul Siegfried, senior vice president and credit card business leader at TransUnion

 

Q2 2022 Credit Card Trends 

 

Credit Card Lending Metric

Q2 2022

Q2 2021

Q2 2020

Q2 2019

 

Number of Credit Cards

 

500.0 million

 

464.9 million

 

453.6 million

 

439.2 million

Borrower-Level Delinquency Rate (90+ DPD)

 

1.57%

 

0.95%

 

1.49%

 

1.72%

 

Average Debt Per Borrower

$5,270

$4,817

$5,223

$5,635

 

Prior Quarter Originations*

18.9 million

15.0 million

15.5 million

15.3 million

Average New Account Credit Lines*

 

$5,035

 

$3,974

 

$5,274

 

$5,789

*Note: Originations are viewed one quarter in arrears to account for reporting lag.

Personal Loan Total Balances Reach Record $192 Billion as Below Prime Borrowers Increase


Q2 2022 CIIR Personal Loan Summary

Total personal loan balances reached a record $192 billion in Q2 2022 – a 31% increase from last year. Total balances nearly doubled for subprime borrowers (up 92%) while more modestly increasing, by 10%, for super prime borrowers. Originations in Q1 2022 (viewed one quarter in arrears) grew nearly 60% year-over-year to reach 5 million, with all credit risk tiers experiencing at least 20% growth from the previous year. Subprime borrowers saw the largest rise in originations at 71%. As subprime borrowers take a larger share of personal loan accounts, serious borrower delinquency rates (60+ days past due) have now risen four straight quarters. The 3.37% Q2 2022 reading is up 47% from last year, though it remains near the levels seen prior to the pandemic. 

Instant Analysis 

“The recent record growth in unsecured personal lending is partly due to lenders’ expansion into below prime risk tiers in the first half of 2022. As expected, increased lending to these risk tiers drove increased overall delinquency rates, but serious delinquencies still remain near pre-pandemic levels. As lenders look to continue to grow, a shift to more prime and above consumers is possible as demand is expected to continue due to rising costs from inflation.” – Liz Pagel, senior vice president and consumer lending business leader at TransUnion 

Q2 2022 Unsecured Personal Loan Trends

 

Personal Loan Metric

Q2 2022

Q2 2021

Q2 2020

Q2 2019

 

Total Balances

$192 billion

$146 billion

$153 billion

$145 billion

Number of Unsecured Personal Loans

 

24.9 million

 

20.7 million

 

22.2 million

 

21.6 million

Number of Consumers with Unsecured Personal Loans

 

21.0 million

 

18.7 million

 

20.0 million

 

19.6 million

Borrower-Level Delinquency Rate (60+ DPD)

 

3.37%

 

2.28%

 

3.10%

 

3.14%

 

Average Debt Per Borrower

$10,344

$9,079

$8,895

$8,596

 

Prior Quarter Originations*

5.0 million

3.2 million

3.9 million

3.8 million

Average Balance of New Unsecured Personal Loans*

 

$8,085

 

$7,129

 

$6,631

 

$6,662

*Note: Originations are viewed one quarter in arrears to account for reporting lag.

Auto Loan Performance Mixed as Supply Chain Challenges and Rising Interest Rates Impacting Affordability

Q2 2022 CIIR Auto Loan Summary

Serious auto loan delinquencies (60+ days past due) increased 40 basis points between Q2 2021 and Q2 2022, but performance differs for recent vintage loans. For instance, loans originated in Q2 and Q3 2020 continue to outperform pre-pandemic vintages while loans from Q2 and Q3 2021 are beginning to perform on par with them. Originations in Q1 2021 declined 8.3% from the previous year, though they remain above Q1 2019 levels. The cost to finance vehicles remains high, as witnessed by a $2,000+ year-over-year increase in average auto loan debt per borrower in Q2 2022. Used vehicles are helping propel the debt metric, with average used vehicle monthly payments rising 22% on a year-over-year basis to $505 in Q1 2022. 

Instant Analysis 

“Supply chain challenges continue to impact the auto finance market with affordability eroding for many consumers. There’s a clear trend in rising monthly payments for both new and used vehicles, which have also been driven higher by the Federal Reserve’s recent rate hikes. Increased costs to consumers may be seen as an opportunity for some lenders with credit unions gaining market share, possibly because they are often able to offer lower interest rates to auto loan borrowers. Affordability challengers are likely causing a rise in serious auto loan delinquency rates, though performance is not uniform for recent vintage loans.” – Satyan Merchant, senior vice president and automotive business leader at TransUnion 

 

Q2 2022 Auto Loan Trends 

 

Auto Lending Metric

Q2 2022

Q2 2021

Q2 2020

Q2 2019

 

Number of Auto Loans

 

81.4 million

 

83.2 million

 

83.5 million

 

82.7 million

Borrower-Level Delinquency Rate (60+ DPD)

 

1.63%

 

1.23%

 

1.51%

 

1.23%

 

Prior Quarter Originations*

6.8 million

7.4 million

6.3 million

6.7 million

Prior QuarterAverage Monthly Payment NEW**

$654

$590

$581

$564

Prior Quarter Average Monthly Payment USED**

$505

$414

$394

$386

Average Balance 

of New Auto Loans*

 

$28,523

 

$20,466

 

$19,397

 

$18,952

 

Average Debt Per Borrower 

 

$22,085

 

$19,980

 

$19,256

 

$18,826

*Note: Originations are viewed one quarter in arrears to account for reporting lag.

**Data from S&P Global MobilityAutoCreditInsight, viewed one quarter in arrears.

Click here for additional auto industry metrics.

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