SCHAUMBURG, Ill. — Experian Automotive today reported that U.S. automotive loan balances climbed 11.5% to reach $987 billion in the fourth quarter of 2015. This marks the highest level on record since Experian began publicly tracking the data in 2006.
The growth in balances was fueled primarily by finance companies and credit unions, which saw increases of 22.5% and 15.9% over the fourth quarter 2014, respectively. Despite those gains, banks maintained the largest share of loan balances at approximately $337 billion, an increase of 7.6% over the prior year. Captive finance companies realized a modest 6.3% increase, with balances reaching $244 billion.
Additionally, the growth in overall loan volume led to an increase in subprime and deep-subprime loans. In the fourth quarter of 2014, subprime and deep-subprime loans accounted for 20.3% of all open automotive loans, compared with 20.8 % at 2015’s end-of-year quarter.
“The boost in automotive sales has contributed to a strong quarter for all lender types across the industry,” said Melinda Zabritski, senior director of automotive finance for Experian. “That said, while loan balances continue to rise and funding may be more easily attainable, it is critically important for consumers to stay on top of their monthly payments to keep the automotive market running on all cylinders.”
According to Experian, 30-day delinquencies were down across the board in the fourth quarter 2015, pushing the overall rate to 2.57% from 2.62% a year ago. Conversely, 60-day delinquencies grew from 0.72% to 0.77% over the same time period. All lender types experienced increases in the percentage of loans that were 60 days delinquent with the exception of credit unions, which remained flat year over year. The percentage of loans that were 60 days delinquent, however, is still below the percentage in the fourth quarter2007, when it was 0.8%.
The report also found that finance companies make up the largest portion of the $6.8 billion in loan balances that were 60 days delinquent. Finance companies hold nearly 45% of these balances, with a total dollar volume of $3.04 billion. They are followed by banks ($1.8 billion), captive finance companies ($1.2 billion) and credit unions ($737 million).
“While rates in the more severe delinquency category are up, it’s important to note that the increases are modest and relatively low from a historical perspective,” Zabritski noted. “Also, given that we’ve seen an increase in loans to subprime and deep-subprime consumers, it’s natural to see a slight uptick. Although not yet a cause for concern, the industry should keep an eye on this metric to see how it trends in the quarters to come.”